Karst pages (new title: Karst of Serbia and
Montenegro) are linked from several pages which refer to
Karst as a region in Yugoslavia. That was true for some
time, while Slovenia was part of former Yugoslavia. Since
1991, Slovenia is an independent state.
Slovenia is the home of Kras region,
sometimes referred also as Classical Karst. Kras is a
limestone plateau located in the hinterland of Trieste bay
in the Adriatic sea. It is delimited by the valleys of the
rivers Soca (NW), Vipava (NE), Pivka (E), and Reka (SE). It
is about 40 km long and 13 km wide. A broader area, between
Ljubljana (Slovenia) and Trieste (Italy) is generally
referred as Classical Karst.
Abounding with characteristic karst
features, and being located at the crossroads of the
civilized world for centuries, Kras region became the locus
of first scientific research of karst morphology and
hydrology. That is why Kras (Carso in Italian, or Karst in
German) was the area which gave the scientific name to all
karsts in the world.
Links of interest:
Detailed history and description, in English and German.
Kras and Karst in Slovenia
History of explorations, with division of karst areas in
Slovenia; in English.
In English and other languages.
Recommended reading (hard print):
Andrej Kranjc (ed.)
Classical Karst - »Kras«
Monograph published in 1997 by Zalozba ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana
(The Classical Karst) and the development of karst science
Paper published in Acta Carsologica XXVII/1, 1998, Ljubljana
About the name Kras (Karst) in
Proceedings of the XIIIth UIS Congress, Brasilia 2001
for a large map
of Kras region location (95 kb)
for a XVIth century
map of Kras region (94 kb)
Maps scanned from monograph
published by IZRK ZRC SAZU, 1999, Ljubljana, ISBN